Anus is the gap through which stool passes the body. The lower half of anus has sensitive ending. Usually people are too shy to talk about issues related to anus, but this cannot be avoided. Below are some diseases that occur due to anal disorders.
Anal and rectal disorders
Rectal cancer also known as colorectal cancer Singapore this is when cells form in the tissues of rectum. There are many ways on how a person can get diagnosed with this, such as having family history, for example if one of the family member has this disease the other members are at risk of getting it too. Having alcohol, smoking, or being obese. However older people have higher chance of getting it. If one notices changes in their bowel movement they need to visit a doctor immediately. Some of the signs are blood in the stool, constipation, feeling tired and weight loss. Doctors use various tests to examine rectum/ colon diseases. Physical and exam history is when doctor examines the patient’s body to notice if there is anything unusual and at this point they also take note of patient’s habits. Digital Rectum Exam is when the doctor inserts lubricated glove finger to check if there are any lumps. Colonoscopy is a procedure to look inside rectum to look for signs of cancer.
These are swollen veins around the anus. Most of the time doctors might advice the patients to do haemorrhoid surgery. Usually this is common among people over 50 but even young adults can get it. There are different types of piles, external piles are swellings which can be very painful. The symptoms are bleeding during bowel movement, lump around anus and pain and discomfort after bowel movement. The diagnosis is similar to rectal cancer, the doctor would insert lubricated gloved finger into the anus to feel lumps. One doesn’t always have to get it operated to get rid of piles. It can be treated with few lifestyle changes such as eating foods which are rich in fibre as this makes stool softer and less painful to pass. Also they will have to reduce their caffeine intake and drink a lot of water to keep themselves hydrated. Apart from these there are many pain killers which could be used to reduce the pain, however one needs to consult a doctor before taking any medicines as he/she will recommend one based on how serious the condition is.
One doesn’t have to be embarrassed to talk about issues relating to their anus. It could get serious if one neglects it. Piles and rectal cancer are very common, and if they go to the doctor at an earlier stage then it could be cured easily